Hilton Head Island, South Carolina: Key Points

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina-The Great Houses

Lets visit Northwest New Mexico's Chaco Canyon National Park from Hilton Head Island. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater collected in the Chaco Wash was stored in the Chaco arroyo, an river that is intermittently flowing along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and top floors, but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach coniferous forests west and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a task that is difficult each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also needed seriously to construct and repair a total of ten large houses and kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a section that is tiny of canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the style that is same the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and brick that is adding earthen curves to link all of them every single other. The roads ran amazingly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Even if steep shapes that are widespread in the South West of America (i.e., mesas and buttes) crossed their paths, Chacoans preserved the linearity among these streets, instead of opting to construct stairs or ramps on the face. Considering the significant downside of this plan and the fact that many roadways had been created at no clear destinations and more broad than necessary for conveyance by base (many 9 meters), the roads may mainly serve a symbolic or spiritual function, leading some type of pilgrims to rites or other meetings. Some big buildings were positioned in line of sight and shrines on the mesa that is next to allow more fast communication, allowing the signaling of neighboring homes in addition to from remote places by fire or by reflecting the sunlight. In Chaco Canyon, Fajada Butte has a major presence. The prevalent practice of aligning buildings and roads with cardinal directions and sun and moon positions at crucial seasons such as solstices, equinoxes and lunar standstills was to provide more structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. For example, the wall on the front of the Plaza of the magnificent Pueblo Bonito is oriented to the east, the north, and the location is placed to the west of Chetro Ketl. The Casa Rinconada, a 19m diameter large kiva situated inside the Canyon, features two opposing inner T-shaped doores along the north-south axis and two outside doorways, focused to the east and west, through which the increasing sun's light only passes right on a single day of the equinox.  

The labor force participation rate in Hilton Head Island is 50.6%, with an unemployment rate of 3.8%. For anyone within the work force, the average commute time is 18.5 minutes. 22.6% of Hilton Head Island’s population have a graduate degree, and 31.7% posses a bachelors degree. For all those without a college degree, 23.4% attended some college, 16.6% have a high school diploma, and just 5.7% have received an education lower than senior high school. 11.2% are not included in medical health insurance.

The typical family unit size in Hilton Head Island, SC is 2.71 family members, with 79.1% being the owner of their own domiciles. The average home value is $484175. For those people paying rent, they spend on average $1271 per month. 36.3% of households have 2 sources of income, and a median household income of $84575. Median individual income is $38766. 9.7% of residents exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 12.4% are disabled. 11.2% of residents are ex-members of the US military.