Let's Look Into Guaynabo, Puerto Rico

Guaynabo, PR-Chacoan Roads

Lets visit Chaco Park (New Mexico) from Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected in wells, dammed in areas created in the Chaco Wash (an creek that is intermittently flowing, and ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a series ditches. The canyon was once home to timber sources that were essential for roof construction and levels that are higher-story. However, these sources vanished around the Chacoan fluorescence due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut down the trees. They then dried them and returned to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that each tree required multiple-day travel and more than 200k trees were used during the construction of and renovations of three centuries worth of canyon houses and great kiva. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of architecture, this area is only a part of the larger interconnected region that gave rise to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, great kivas, and the same brick style and design as the ones found within the canyon. These web sites are most common in the San Juan Basin. Nevertheless, the certain area they covered was larger than England's. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They levelled and excavated the ground, and often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings located within the canyon and offered outwards in beautiful straight sections. Even when steep landforms prevalent in the American Southwest (e.g., mesas and buttes) intersected their path, Chacoans maintained the linearity of these roadways by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Given the tremendous difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were built wider than required for foot transportation (many were 9 meters broad), it is probable that the roads served a largely symbolic or spiritual role, leading pilgrims traveling to rites or other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication, some great houses were positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for the signaling of other houses and distant regions via fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte commands a commanding position in Chaco Canyon. The practice that is widespread of structures and roadways with the cardinal directions and the positions of the sun and moon during critical seasons such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. The front wall and the wall surface dividing the plaza of the great home Pueblo Bonito, for example, are aligned east-west and north-south, respectively, whereas the site is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a 19-meter-diameter grand kiva within the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors arranged along a north-south axis and two outdoors doors aligned east-west, by which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given restoration work done in the canyon).  

The average family unit size in Guaynabo, PR is 3.47 family members, with 72.5% being the owner of their very own domiciles. The average home value is $198722. For individuals leasing, they pay on average $792 monthly. 38.7% of families have 2 sources of income, and a median household income of $43067. Average individual income is $. % of residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 21% are handicapped. 3.9% of inhabitants are former members associated with the armed forces of the United States.