Learning More About West Bend, Wisconsin

The Intriguing Tale Of New Mexico's Chaco National Monument

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Historical Park in NM from West Bend. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and story that is upper, were formerly present in the canyon but vanished around the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a result, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a team of people, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized throughout the three centuries of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high thickness of architecture on a scale never seen previously within the area, it was merely a component that is small the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic brick style and design as those found in the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these web sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an certain area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the ground that is underlying, in many cases, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently began at big buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in remarkably parts that are straight.   The existence of cocoa indicates a migration of some ideas also as product products from Mesoamerica to Chaco. Cacao was venerated by the Maya civilisation, who used it to produce drinks that were frothed by flowing back and forth between jars before being consumed during elite rites. Cacao residue had been discovered on potsherds in the canyon, most likely from high cylindrical jars found in surrounding sets and similar in shape to those used in Maya rites. Several of these expensive trade products, in addition to cacao, are thought to have had a function that is ceremonial. They were unearthed in large numbers in great houses' storerooms and burial chambers, among artifacts having meanings that are ceremonial as carved wooden staffs, flutes, and animal effigies. One chamber alone at Pueblo Bonito had around 50,000 pieces of turquoise, another 4,000 pieces of jet (a dark-colored rock that is sedimentary, and 14 macaw bones. Tree ring data collections show that great house building halted about c. 1130 CE marks the start of a 50-year drought in the San Juan Basin. With life at Chaco already precarious during times of normal rainfall, an protracted drought would have stressed resources, precipitating the civilization's downfall and exodus from the canyon and numerous outlying sites, which would have ended by the middle of the 13th century CE. Evidence of the sealing of large house doorways and the burning of big kivas suggests a probable spiritual acceptance of this shift in circumstances - a notion made more feasible by the role that is central plays in Puebloan origin legends.  

The average family size in West Bend, WI is 2.98 residential members, with 66.4% being the owner of their very own homes. The mean home cost is $175359. For those people renting, they pay an average of $858 per month. 59.8% of homes have dual incomes, and a median household income of $60910. Median income is $33164. 6.9% of citizens are living at or below the poverty line, and 10.7% are handicapped. 9.3% of citizens are former members for the US military.

The labor force participation rate in West Bend is 68.6%, with an unemployment rate of 2.4%. For all located in the labor force, the common commute time is 23.9 minutes. 7.2% of West Bend’s residents have a graduate degree, and 20.6% have a bachelors degree. For everyone without a college degree, 34.7% have some college, 31.9% have a high school diploma, and only 5.6% have an education significantly less than senior high school. 5% are not covered by medical insurance.